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An Introduction to Bhutanese Textiles

If you're interested in learning more about the traditions and styles of the Bhutanese textiles, this article will give you a quick and informative introduction to the various techniques and styles used in weaving in the country. You'll learn about the thazo, the Kira, the Card loom, and colour harmony.


The kira textiles of Bhutan are considered a cultural heritage and an important part of Bhutan's traditional clothing. They are woven with natural dyed cotton or silk with intricate patterns and symbolic symbols. Kira textiles in Bhutan are traditionally made by women and can take a year to complete. The traditional techniques were passed down from generation to generation and are still practiced by some women today. Women can study weaving at the Royal Textile Academy of Bhutan or at the Royal Thimphu College to learn the art.

Kira textiles in Bhutan are renowned for their intricate patterns, sophisticated designs, and intricate dyeing techniques. The vast majority of Bhutan's weavers are women, who have mastered the art of weaving through generations of family tradition. Each textile can take up to 10 hours of labor. Each individual weaver's color combinations are an expression of their personal creativity. They create different patterns for both men and women.

Kira textiles in Bhutan are woven with continuous and discontinuous wefts. These weft yarns are knotted to the warp yarns one by one to create motifs. Most often, multiple pattern motifs are combined. These textiles have become a source of pride and appreciation worldwide and are considered an important part of Bhutan's traditional culture.

Card loom

A card loom is a woven device that is used to weave a variety of traditional textiles, from belts for men and women to traditional footwear. The card loom was brought to Bhutan from Tibet and is still used today. The loom uses back plates to protect the cloth from the sun, and has a similar frame to a backstrap loom. The woven material is usually desho paper or goat's leather.

The weaving tradition in Bhutan is hundreds of years old and continues to this day. Women work from their homes, producing textiles that are reminiscent of the traditional designs from centuries past. Each region of Bhutan has its own traditional weaving techniques and specialties. In the eastern part of the country, the backstrap loom is the predominant type of loom. This type of loom is often set up on porches or thatched sheds.

Bhutan has two types of looms: the backstrap loom and the frame loom. The backstrap loom uses a circular warp and produces a narrower fabric than the frame loom. For example, a full kira produced on a backstrap loom requires three horizontal pieces while a kira made on a frame loom requires 12 vertical pieces.

Another type of loom is the card loom. These machines are used by women in Bhutan to weave threads and yarns. Their primary function is to hold the warp threads taut and facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads. A backstrap loom is used in weaving textiles made of wool or silk. The weavers also dye the yarns with local dyes.

Colour harmony

Bhutan is a country renowned for its traditional textiles. These hand-woven pieces can be seen in homes, weaving villages, museums, markets and festivals. The country's flora and fauna are abundant, and the local people use these plants and animals to dye their textiles. However, the dyeing formulas are closely guarded secrets.

Bhutan's textiles are influenced by traditional designs from northeast India. Their hingtham (a word that means 'tree leaf' in Bhutanian) pattern is red, green, and white. Bhutanese look at the intricate branches of trees to judge the quality of a textile.

In ancient times, weaving fabric was a necessary task, but the Bhutanese weaver made it an art by tapping into the spiritual aspect of life. Art and life are still indivisible in Bhutan, and the locals take great pride in their woven textiles. Colour is an exercise in spirituality for them, and they have become expert at using natural dyes and blending different hues.

Bhutanese kushuthara is a traditional cloth made of cotton and silk with a distinctive pattern in the weft. The pattern is formed using special weaving techniques. It has designs that are reminiscent of chain stitch. The country's textiles can be seen at the National Textile Museum of Bhutan in Thimphu. The museum has two levels and exhibits various types of Bhutanese textiles. The ground floor exhibit features royal ghos, and the upper level shows textiles made by different regions.

Weavers' environments

The Green Weaving Center in Bhutan aims to educate women about sustainable living and empower them through their crafts. It also wants to improve the quality of its products and capture the national market. The center also encourages the use of natural dyes from plants that grow naturally in the area. In turn, it will give the women the tools to become sustainable fashion leaders.

The weaving tradition in Bhutan has a long history and is still very much alive today. Traditionally, woven textiles are produced on floor looms or backstrap looms. Both of these weaving techniques create cloth approximately 50 cm wide. In central Bhutan, woollen fabrics are woven using natural dyes and warp-and-weft stripes. The patterns are tartan-like and often draw comment from visitors. The cotton-based textiles, on the other hand, are often embellished with metog, or weaving design.

The Bhutanese are very proud of their textile art and textiles are used for nearly every part of everyday life. The government has even made textile clothing the national dress. It is not unusual for a household to have a connection with a weaver. Most women wear a ghos, a woven belt that can be wrapped around the waist. The ghos are usually worn with a kera belt, a woven pouch that can be used for carrying money or a bowl.

The textiles of Bhutan have a long history and a rich cultural heritage. Women were traditionally taught how to weave by their mothers and the weaving customs vary from region to region. Traditionally, textiles were made from yak wool, sheep wool, and nettle, although silk is also popular. The central part of Bhutan has the largest variety of textiles and each district is associated with a different pattern.


Bhutan is a small but growing textile exporter. The country's textile exports have increased in value over the past decade. The European Union is supporting this growth by establishing a Trade Support Project. The project aims to improve Bhutan's export competitiveness and promote trade and investment in the country. It will also help the country increase its export diversification through exporting selected value chains.

Textiles are an integral part of the Bhutanese culture, and many people in the country wear textiles daily. The textiles are made using elaborate weaving and dyeing techniques, and are a vital part of Bhutan's cultural heritage. The textile industry in Bhutan is a well-established industry, and many households have connections with weavers. Textiles from Bhutan are made with a large amount of colour and are intricately designed.

Textile exports from Bhutan are expected to reach Nu 1.7 million in 2020 and Nu 1.9 million in 2021. The country also has a thriving manufacturing industry. Its manufacturing sector grew from 3.2% of GDP in 1980 to 8.2% in 1990. In addition to textiles, Bhutan also exports calcium carbide, ferro-alloys, and particleboard. Bhutan's new plant in Pasakha makes ferrosilicon and calcium carbide, and several private limestone and dolomite mining operations produce calcium carbide.

Currently, the main markets for Bhutan textile products are China, India, and Thailand. With approximately 4,000 weavers in Bhutan, this country is well-positioned to meet the demands of the textile industry in the region. However, the lack of market information and high labour costs are the biggest challenges for potential textile exporters.

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